An Introduction to Low Speech:The words found in this glossary are from low speech, or the common tongue of Mid-World.  On these pages you will find important words, common phrases, and even some names of people, places, or objects. Ritualized phrases, such as “I have forgotten the face of my father” and “I cry your pardon” were probably originally translations of High Speech phrases.  However, since they are spoken in the common tongue throughout the DarkTower novels, they have been relegated to this section.

An Introduction to High Speech:The words found in this glossary are from a language known as High Speech. High Speech (also called "The Tongue") was the ancient, ritualized language of Mid-World. Low speech—also called the common tongue or the vulgate—was the speech of everyday interaction, but High Speech was the language of gunslingers. It was also the language of ritual and magic.

Although not confined to the courts of Gilead, High Speech was primarily bound to the hierarchies and courtly codes of In-World. While the common tongue contained many fascinating terms and phrases, the spiked letters of High Speech carried the heart of Roland's culture. With the exception of the wordchar (which always means “death”), each word in the Tongue had multiple meanings. These meanings were so complex and nuanced that they were (and are) difficult to define precisely.

Like other sacred languages, the words and phrases of High Speech imply an entire philosophy of life, and the speaking of it was ritualized. Gunslinger apprentices were not allowed to utter its words publicly until after they had won their guns. To do so before proving themselves in the yard behind the Great Hall was considered an affront to all that their culture held sacred. As was said earlier, High Speech was the language of gunslingers, but it was also the language used to address spirits, demons, anddinhs.

Note:Words that are capitalized within individual entries are defined elsewhere in the Glossary. Please search for them in either the HIGH SPEECH or LOW SPEECH sections. Thank you.

Credit: Robin Furth is the author of Stephen King’s The Dark Tower: A Concordance Volume I; Stephen King’s The Dark Tower: A Concordance Volume II; and Stephen King’s The Dark Tower: The Complete Concordance.





Low Speech


This is the essence of the gunslinger litany, or what aGUNSLINGERmust learn to do to become an accomplished killer.


All things work in harmony with the greater tides of fate. All events serve a greater purpose, even if we can’t understand what that purpose might be.


Arthur Eld—MID-WORLD’s greatest mythical hero and the ancient king of All-World—was a Warrior of the WHITE. Roland is Arthur Eld’s descendant. Like Roland, Arthur Eld was the Guardian of the DARK TOWER. Although history credits him with uniting the land, Arthur Eld’s original kingdom lay in the western part of MID-WORLD, in the baronies later destroyed by John Farson.


A type of gun. Roland and his childhood friends called these firearms barrel-shooters because of their oversize cylinders. Unlike the cylinders of many other handguns, the cylinder of a barrel-shooter must be revolved by hand after each shot.


The six Beams are like invisible high tension wires that cross at the nexus of theDARK TOWER and hold the Dark Tower in place. They maintain the integrity of time, space, size, and dimension. The Beams can be sensed by those who stand along their paths. Each end of a Beam is anchored by a Portal. There are twelve Portals, each of which is overseen by an animal GUARDIAN. For information about Beamquakes, see AVEN KAL in the HIGH SPEECH Glossary.


A billy-bumbler (also called a throcken) looks like a cross between a raccoon, a woodchuck, and a dachshund. Bumblers’ eyes are gold-black and they wag their little corkscrew tails like dogs. Bumblers are intelligent. In the days they lived with men, they could parrot the words they heard, and some could even count and add. Few wild ones seem to remember how to speak, although Jake’s pet, Oy, does. Originally, Bumblers were bred to keep down vermin, including the nasty Grandfather Fleas. They could also predict the coming of aSTARKBLAST.


Black Thirteen is the last and worst of Maerlyn’s evil seeing spheres which are collectively known asMAERLYN’S RAINBOW. According to Roland, it is the most terrible object left over from the days of ARTHUR ELD, although it probably even predates Roland’s illustrious and semimythical ancestor.


The Arc o’ the Borderlands is the crescent of land that separatesMID-WORLD from END-WORLD, location of both THUNDERCLAP and the DARK TOWER. In Calla Bryn Sturgis (setting for the novel Wolves of the Calla), the River Whye divides the green lands of the Callas from the desolate wastes of THUNDERCLAP.

The Callas of the Crescent have remained more civilized than most of the other areas ofMID-WORLD that our tet visits. The Calla folken have roads, law enforcement, and a system of government reminiscent of the democratic process found in New England town meetings. As we find out in Wolves of the Calla, life in the Borderlands has one serious drawback. Once each generation, riders wearing green cloaks and wolf masks gallop out of THUNDERCLAP so that they can steal one of each set of twins born in the Borders. When these children are returned they are mentally and physically ruined, or ROONT.


The Breakers ofTHUNDERCLAP are both the prisoners and the servants of the CRIMSON KING. Imprisoned in the DEVAR-TOI, located in the poisoned land of END-WORLD, they use their psychic abilities to weaken the BEAMS, which hold the DARK TOWERin place. Although few (if any) of the Breakers willingly undertook the job of destroying the macroverse, few of them complain once they experience the diverse pleasures available beneath the Devar’s artificial sun.


The Children of Roderick (also known as Rods) are a band ofMUTANTs who swore allegiance to ARTHUR ELDin the long-ago. They are from lands beyond those known to Roland.


This is the place we all go to in the end, though each of us arrives there by a different route. The clearing at the end of the path is death—the snip at the end of the life-cord.


Constant Readers are already familiar with the lord of chaos known as the Crimson King. We met him in one of Stephen King’s other novels, namelyInsomnia. If Roland is a soldier of the White, then the Crimson King is his natural enemy. This prince of chaos is a shape-shifter whose true dual form vacillates between that of a scuttling spider and a satanic Santa Claus. In his Santa-like form, the Red King has a huge hooked nose, full red lips (overhung by a single tusklike tooth), an enormous white beard, and long, snowy-white hair. Like Saint Nick, he wears a red robe, though Los’s robe is dotted with lightning bolts and cabalistic symbols. The Red King has opposed Roland from the beginning. Even John Farson, who bore the Red King’s sigul of the staring red eye, was but a pawn of this destructive monster. THE MAN IN BLACK(a.k.a. Walter O’Dim) is also a servant of the Crimson King. Unfortunately for Roland (and the rest of the multiverse), the Crimson King is completely bonkers.


Renege. Stop.


InMID-WORLD , the word cully can be used positively. So much so that it seems roughly equivalent to the British term lad. However, you can also use the term cully or cullies to refer to a callow youth, or to foolish young men. In our world, cullyrefers to someone who is easily duped or deceived.


The Dark Tower is the linchpin of the time-space continuum. It sits in a field of red roses in the fey realm ofEND-WORLD, and is supported by the magnetic BEAMSwhich maintain the alignment of time, space, size, and dimension. The Dark Tower is the focus of Roland’s lifelong quest.


A dark is a unit of expelled psychic energy and is used to describe units ofBREAKER Force. In other words, it is a way to measure the amount of psychic energy which the BREAKERs emit at any one time—a force which is trained to erode the BEAMS.


Devil grass is a narcotic weed that grows in the waste lands ofMID-WORLD. It is both poisonous and addictive. Those who become addicted to the grass are usually too poor to afford alcohol. They begin by smoking this nasty weed and end up chewing it. Chewers have green teeth and a rank stench. Devil grass gives its users dreams, nightmares, then death. It kills faster than liquor. Border Dwellers use devil grass for fuel since they have little else to burn. It gives off a greasy light and many believe that beckoning devils dance in the flames


The needle-like rocks of the Discordia, and the Castle which bears its name, are located deep inEND-WORLD. They sit on the far side of THUNDERCLAP, on the PATH OF THE BEAM, adjacent to the deserted village of Fedic. Castle Discordia and the Fedic DOGAN are connected by underground passages. Together, they contain 595 operational Doorways Between Worlds. At least one of these doors leads to TODASH Space. Another leads to Thunderclap Station. In its heyday, Castle Discordia would have been well-defended. Behind its inner keep is a terrible drop leading to the huge, needle-like rocks of the Discordia. For the magical DISCORDIA, see DISCORDIA in the HIGH SPEECH Glossary.


A cross between a military control center and a high security experimental laboratory. Most of the Dogans found inEND-WORLD are shaped like Quonset Huts. During the time of the GREAT OLD ONES, magic and machinery could be fused in the Dogans.


The fey region where theDARK TOWERis located.


Roland often uses this phrase. It means "Do it for your honor’s sake." InMID-WORLD , or at least in the IN-WORLD baronies, culture was patriarchal. A GUNSLINGERdid not just bring honor (or disgrace) upon himself, but upon his father and all of his father’s fathers.


A place of the skull, or a dead place. Roland andTHE MAN IN BLACKhold palaver here in this ancient killing ground located on the western slopes of the Cyclopean Mountains. To Roland, the golgotha is "the place of the skull." Its floor is dusty with bonemeal and contains the skeletal remains of many small animals. It is here that Walter tells Roland’s fortune, and it is here that Roland experiences a ten-year-long night as well as a tremendous vision of the multiverse.


The Great Old Ones were the ancient people ofMID-WORLD . Their era was long gone even by the time of ARTHUR ELD. The Old Ones had a god-like knowledge of technology and the workings of the universe but they were also a violently destructive people. In the timeline of the Dark Tower novels, all that remains of the Great Old Ones are their weapons and their dangerous, half-fried technology


The Guardians of the Beam are animal totems that protect the Portals located at the terminal points of eachBEAM. Some of the Guardians, like the bear Shardik, are cyborgs. Others, such as the Turtle Guardian, are semi-divine. There are six pairs of Guardians, and each pair protects a single BEAM. The Guardian pairs are: Bear-Turtle, Elephant-Wolf, Rat-Fish, Bat-Hare, Eagle-Lion, Dog-Horse.


MID-WORLD’s gunslingers were descended from ARTHUR ELD, the ancient King of All-World. They were MID-WORLD’s aristocrats, and functioned as an elite class of fighters, leaders, statesmen, and peacemakers. Although they kept the peace throughout MID-WORLD , for the most part the gunslingers resided in GILEAD, the central city of IN-WORLD. Although they looked much like the cowboys of our world (complete with heavy six-shooters at their hips), MID-WORLD’s gunslingers actually had much in common with the knights of Arthurian legend. Roland’s father, Steven Deschain, was the gunslingers’ last DINH. The gunslingers (led by Roland) made their final stand against John Farson’s hordes at the Battle of JERICHO HILL.


EveryGUNSLINGERmust learn to recite the following litany: "I do not aim with my hand; he who aims with his hand has forgotten the face of his father. I aim with my eye. I do not shoot with my hand; he who shoots with his hand has forgotten the face of his father. I shoot with my mind. I do not kill with my gun; he who kills with his gun has forgotten the face of his father. I kill with my heart." The Gunslinger litany is probably translated from High Speech.


A low speech term that means bandits or outlaws.


The horn which has been passed from father to son from the time ofARTHUR ELD to the time of Roland Deschain. Unfortunately, Roland left the Horn of Eld (also called the Horn of Deschain) next to Cuthbert Allgood’s dead body on the battlefield of JERICHO HILL.


I beg your forgiveness.


This is a term often used by Roland. It is a phrase of shame. If you have forgotten the face of your father, it means that you have behaved dishonorably.


I’ll bet on it, or I’ll guarantee it. It’s damn true.


When Stephen King refers to the whole of Roland’s version of earth, he uses the termMID-WORLD. However, when he refers to specific regions of MID-WORLD, he uses the terms IN-WORLD, OUT-WORLD, MID-WORLD, END-WORLD, and the BORDERLANDS. The term In-World refers to those baronies where (during Roland’s youth) the old civilized ways still held and where some of the old electrical machinery still worked. In-World was ruled by the elite GUNSLINGERS from the walled city of GILEAD, barony seat of New Canaan. The sigul of In-World was ARTHUR ELD’s horse, Llamrei.


TheGUNSLINGERs (led by Roland) made their final stand here, at the Battle of Jericho Hill. The east side of Jericho Hill was a shale-crumbly drop to the Clean Sea. Its western edge, known as the Hill of Stone Faces, was a long, sloping field filled with great gray-black sculptured visages. Roland’s horn, the HORN OF ELD, was dropped on Jericho Hill by a dying Cuthbert. Roland never retrieved it


AMID-WORLDgreeting. The proper response is, "May you have twice the number."


Maerlyn's Grapefruit played a large part in the novel Wizard and Glass. Like all of the seeing spheres ofMAERLYN'S RAINBOW, the Grapefruit is alive and hungry and likes to feed on the minds of those who use it. The Grapefruit's energy is sexual. Its magic allows the user to discover other people's secrets.


There are thirteen glass balls in the Wizard's Rainbow, one for eachGUARDIAN and one for the DARK TOWER itself. Some of these magic balls look into the future; others look into the past or into alternative realities. Still others (such as BLACK THIRTEEN) can act as doorways into other worlds. All of the balls are alive and hungry. A person begins by using them, but in the end, he or she is used by them and sucked dry. The Wizard's Rainbow represents a corruption of the pure energy of the WHITE. If the White represents wholeness, and the best human beings can strive for in ideal and action, then the debased colors of the rainbow represent the baser emotions, or the fallen drives of a fallen world. For example, MAERLYN'S GRAPEFRUITresonates with sexual energy, but it is desire, possessiveness, and cruelty without the higher emotions that true love can instill in us.


InThe Gunslinger, Roland pursues an elusive magician across the endless wastes of the Mohaine Desert. He refers to this man as the “man in black.” At the end of the novel, we discover that the man in black is none other than Roland’s arch nemesis, Walter O’Dim, also known as Marten Broadcloak and “R.F.”


Mid-World is the name for Roland’s version of earth, but it is also the name of a region of that world. The general world regions that Roland refers to over the course of the Dark Tower novels areIN-WORLD, OUT-WORLD, MID-WORLD, the BORDERLANDS, and END-WORLD. As a specific region, Mid-World’s ancient boundaries stretched from a marker near the edge of the Great West Woods to Mid-Forest, then on to Topeka. The city of Lud (which our tet travels through in The Waste Lands) was regional Mid-World’s largest urban center.

InThe Waste Lands, Roland drew a map of his version of earth, also called Mid-World. According to this map (which was metaphysical rather than literal), Mid-World resembled a clock face. Around its circumference were twelve Xs. Opposite Xs were connected by six lines which crossed at the clock face’s central nexus point. According to Roland, the twelve Xs represented the twelve animal GUARDIAN who protected the portals leading into and out of Mid-World. The lines represented the six magnetic BEAMS which were like invisible high-tension wires that simultaneously held all of the universes together and maintained the divisions between them. The nexus point in the center of the circle, where all the BEAMS cross, was the location of the DARK TOWERitself.


This phrase is used throughout the Dark Tower series. It means that things have changed, and that the world is now profoundly different from what it once was. The change has not been for the better.


Although theGREAT OLD ONES and their destructive culture disappeared many generations before the rise of GILEAD, the poisons they left in soil, water, and air remained. By the time Roland was a young man, MID-WORLD was still full of genetically mutated beings that were commonly referred to as muties. The most horrific mutants of MID-WORLD are actually the SLOW MUTANTs. These physically disgusting beings are descended from ordinary men and women, although they often bore little resemblance to their human forebears.


Nineteen is the number which haunts ourKA-TETthroughout the last three books of the Dark Tower series.


InWizard and Glass, we learned that, during Roland’s youth, geographical terms such as Out-World were more metaphorical than literal. To the IN-WORLD citizens of GILEAD (barony seat of New Canaan), those baronies located far from the hub of civilization were part of Out-World. They existed "out there," on the outer arc of human culture. In Wolves of the Calla, the same metaphorical use of terms applies, but the center, or hub, of the world changes. To the people of Calla Bryn Sturgis, the Callas of the BORDERLANDS form the hub of the known world. Hence, any people who travel to the BORDERLANDS from other parts of MID-WORLD are considered out-worlders.


In Calla Bryn Sturgis, as in the other Callas of theBORDERLANDS, twins are the norm and singletons are rarities. Once a generation, the green-cloaked WOLVES sweep out of THUNDERCLAPto kidnap one of every pair of prepubescent twins. Most of the children are returned, but they are returned roont, or ruined. A roont child is a mentally handicapped child. Few of them can speak. Some cannot be toilet-trained. Roonts grow to prodigious size, but they die young. For roonts, both growing and dying are excruciatingly painful.


A skin-man is a shapeshifter. Unlike werewolves, which are human beings who turn into wolves every full moon, a skin-man is a human being who can change shape at will. In addition, a skin-man can transform into any type of creature, real or mythical. Because of this, a skin-man is both incredibly unpredictable and incredibly dangerous. In its human form, a skin-man looks like an ordinary mortal.


Slow Mutants are mutants descended from human beings. Their ancestors were transformed by radiation poisoning. SeeMUTANT.


Remain true to your mission, your beliefs, etc.


A starkblast is a storm of enormous proportions that sweeps over a landscape like a hurricane. During the first hour of a starkblast, the temperature can drop to forty limbits below zero and the gale force winds can snap trees like twigs. Ponds freeze in an instant, with a sound like bullets breaking window-panes. Birds turn to ice-statues in the sky and fall like rocks. Grass turns to glass. Unlike other storms, a starkblast is always preceded by unseasonably warm weather. The most reliable predictors of a starkblast areBILLY-BUMBLERS, who scent the storm coming and so begin turning around in circles. Those who do not find shelter during a starkblast will inevitably die.


Red-handed stuffy-guys, which can be found all overMID-WORLD, are a staple of Reaptide festivities. In the days of ARTHUR ELD, human beings were sacrificed during the autumn festival of REAP. However, by Roland’s day stuffy-guys, or human effigies, were burned instead. In MID-WORLD-that-was, stuffy-guys had heads made of straw and eyes made from white cross-stitched thread. Their arms held baskets of produce. In the BORDERLANDS, their heads were often made of sharproot.


This phrase is used throughout the Dark Tower series. It means that things have changed, and that the world is now profoundly different from what it once was. The change has not been for the better.


Jake Chambers’ famous saying. In the final three books of the Dark Tower series, we learn just how true this statement is.


Thinnies are places where the fabric of existence has almost entirely worn away. These cancerous "sores on the skin of existence" have increased in number since theDARK TOWERbegan to fail.


Threaded stock is normal stock, or animals born without mutations.MUTIES abound in MID-WORLD, so threaded stock is extremely valuable. Threaded stock can be bred with other threaded stock to keep the bloodlines pure, but threaded stock can also be born from late-generation MUTIES.


InWizard and Glass we learn that the fey realm of Thunderclap sits on the lip of END-WORLD. In Wolves of the Calla, we discover that the dark land of Thunderclap sits just east of the BORDERLANDS, which in turn sit on the eastern edge of MID-WORLD-that was. Thunderclap is the home of the DEVAR-TOI, or Big Prison, where the CRIMSON KING keeps the psychic BREAKERS. The Breakers (who are human) are forced to use their wild talents to erode the BEAMS so that the foundering DARK TOWERwill collapse, causing the macroverse to blink out of existence.


Although this term is from low speech, the concept is a very important one inMID-WORLD. If a person has the touch, he or she can read minds and/or see into the past and the future. It is similar to ESP and is half-empathy, half-telepathy.


AMID-WORLDcard game. People usually place bets, so it can be rather dangerous. Players are often killed at Watch Me tables. The phrase "Watch Me" can mean "you have a deal."


We met, and that is important. Good has come from our meeting (implying an element of fate orKA). "May we be well-met" means "let good come of this meeting."


An archaic form of measurement still used throughoutMID-WORLD and the BORDERLANDS.


Although the concept of the White probably comes from High Speech, the actual word belongs to the common tongue. In our world, the White is an elemental force akin to faith and can mean faith in God or in a just universe. To the beleaguered inhabitants ofMID-WORLD and the BORDERLANDS, the White is the force of good and is the opposite of the Outer Dark—that force of chaos and destruction championed by the CRIMSON KING.


The termWolves is the name that the Calla folken give to the green-cloaked predators who sweep out of THUNDERCLAP every generation to steal one of each pair of prepubescent twins born in the BORDERLANDS. The Wolves ride gray horses and wear masks which look like the faces of snarling wolves, yet their bodies resemble those of giant men. As we find out at the end of Wolves of the Calla, the Wolves are actually robots.


High Speech


The termtet refers to people linked by the same destiny or goals. An-tet implies intimacy of all kinds. To speak an-tet to someone is to be completely honest and open, to share all. It also means to sit in council. Roland and his trailmates are both KA-TET and an-tet. An-tet can also imply sexual intimacy. In Wizard and Glass, Roland refers to the first time he and Susan made love as the first time they were together an-tet. A mere sexual encounter does not necessarily imply an-tet.


That force which works against one’sKA, or destiny. It is a counterforce which tries to stop a person from fulfilling his or her life-mission. The anti-ka which works against Roland’s KA-TETwas set in motion by the Crimson King.


An aven kal is a kind of tidal wave that runs along thePATH OF THE BEAM. Literally translated, aven kal means "lifted on the wind" or "carried on the wave." The use of kal rather than the more usual form kas implies a natural force of disastrous proportions, in other words, not a hurricane but a tsunami. In LOW SPEECH, an aven kalis called a Beamquake.


A hunting term which refers to carrying the kill and preparing to make it into something else.


A bah-bo is a baby. It is a term of endearment.


WHITEover Red, Thus God Wills Ever.” It also translates as “Good over evil, this is the will of God.”


The can calah are angels.


"All breath comes from the woman." Although mortal woman was made from the breath of mortal man, the first man came from the goddess, Lady Oriza.


The term can-tah translates as “little god.” The can-tah found in the Dark Tower novels is a tiny scrimshaw turtle. Constant Readers have met the can-tah before, namely in Stephen King’s novelDesperation. In Desperation, the can-tah were tiny demonic sculptures depicting the CAN-TOI—coyotes, snakes, etc.—that served Tak the Outsider. (Tak is short for can-tak,which means "big god.")


Can-toi is another term for the low men. The can-toi are rat-headed beings who wear humanoid masks. (The masks are grown and so are made of living latex.) Unlike the TAHEEN, the can-toi worship the human form and believe that they are slowly transforming into humans themselves. They call this process "becoming."


Roland uses the termcan-toi-tete to refer to the desert dogs of Thunderclap. Can-toi-tete translates roughly as "little CAN-TOI" or "tiny CAN-TOI."


That distance (never the same in any two situations) which assures a pair of outnumberedGUNSLINGERs will not be killed by a single shot.


Most words in High Speech have multiple meanings. However,char is an exception to this general rule. Char has one meaning only, and that is death. Char is the root of many MID-WORLD terms, including Big Charlie Wind and CHARYOU TREE.


As we all know, the High Speech termcharmeans death. Hence, a chary man is one who courts death, brings death, or deals death. Think of him as the Grim Reaper’s deputy.


This insult is thrown at Roland by one of the Crimson King’sTAHEEN just before Roland kills him. It most likely means somebody who is one of death’s ka-mates, or one whose KAis aligned with death. It may also imply that although the chary-ka is destined to deal death, he is also destined to suffer from death’s nasty sense of humor.


Charyou Tree was the ritual bonfire made on the Festival ofREAP. In the days of ARTHUR ELD, people were burned on this fire. By Roland’s day, STUFFY-GUYS were burned instead. The term Charyou-tree means “Come Reap.”


Chussit, Chissit, Chassit are High Speech terms for the numbers seventeen, eighteen, and nineteen. They are used in the Baby Bunting Rhyme, one of MID-WORLD’s childhood rhymes.


Commala is a MID-WORLDterm for rice. It is also an alternative name for the festival dance known as the Sowing Night Cotillion. The Commala is the courting rite of New Earth, a festival also known as Sowing and Fresh Commala.


The coming of the little god. The little god is Mordred.


The termdan-dinh has many meanings. To speak dan-dinhis to open your heart and your mind to another. This term also means Little Leader. The literal interpretation of this term is "May I open my heart to your command."


(The second part of this word is pronouncedtee-tee.) Dan-tetemeans "little savior" or "baby god."


InThe Gunslinger, we are told that Maerlyn (also known as the Ageless Stranger) darkles and tincts. In other words, he lives backward in time and can live simultaneously in all times. In The Dark Tower, we learn that the Crimson King also darkles and tincts. At the very end of this final book of the Dark Tower series, we learn that Roland darkles and tincts too. Roland will not die but will go on forever, repeating his journey to the Tower over and over, until he learns the lessons that KAwishes him to learn.


In High Speech, a dash-dinh is a religious leader.


Pronunciation of the letterDin High Speech.






Little prison or torture chamber.


Big prison. TheBREAKERSof Thunderclap are kept in the Devar-Toi.


Although technically not part of High Speech,dim is an important magical concept in MID-WORLD. Dim has several meanings. Sorcerers and witches can make themselves dim, or difficult to see. When a person is dim he or she is not invisible, merely shadowy. The dim can also connote a feeling akin to déjà vu. When Susan Delgado meets with Roland she feels the dim, or the sense that she has met him before, and feels faint. When Henchick of the Manni was close to BLACK THIRTEEN, Maerlyn’s evil magic ball, he began to feel dim. In this latter case, dim implies going TODASH, or slipping between worlds.


Adinh is a leader or a king. It can also mean father, as in "father of his people.” Roland is the dinh of his KA-TET.


ThePRIM, or magical soup of creation from which all realities arose. For CASTLE DISCORDIA, see DISCORDIA in the LOW SPEECH Glossary


The exiled one. This term is used to describe Eddie Dean when he returns to New Yorkvia the Unfound Door


This is actually a gesture much like bowing. To be polite to a newMID-WORLDacquaintance, you should raise your fist to your forehead and (if you want to be extra polite) bow over your bended leg.


The god Gan is the animating spirit of theDARK TOWER , and he is the deity most closely associated with the WHITE. Although the Tower appears to be made of stone and glass, it is actually a huge living body. Just as the ancient myths of MID-WORLD maintain that the world spun out of Gan’s navel, so both the BEAMS and the red roses of Can’-ka no rey spun out from the Tower. Together, Tower, BEAMS, and roses form a living, singing force field which sits at the heart of END-WORLD, and it is toward this energy field that Roland, the last of the line of Eld, is inevitably drawn.


Gilead was Roland’s home city. It was located in the Barony of New Canaan and was destroyed by Farson’s hordes when Roland was a young man. The name GILEAD is the same in both High andLOW SPEECH.


Technically, the wordglammer is from LOW SPEECH. However it represents a very important concept in High Speech, and that is magic or enchantment. Glammerhas its own rules. Unfortunately, we mere mortals rarely comprehend them.


An apple beer that seems to be a specialty ofMID-WORLD.


All of one’s worldly possessions. In the case of a traveler, it is what he or she carries.


A formalMID-WORLDgreeting. This term is also used to call animals.


Hodji means both "dim" and "hood." In the southern provinces of MID-WORLD, Walter O’Dim was known as Walter Hodji. He was given this nickname for two reasons—first for the hooded cloak he often wore and second for his ability to make himself DIM so that he could move unnoticed.


The act (and art) of hypnotizing someone, usually using a bullet as a focusing point. In the 2003 version ofThe Gunslinger, Roland twirls a bullet howken to hypnotize Jake.


The healing madness that comes after terrible loss.


Concubine or mistress.


Quickly. As in "Get me a piece of chalk and do it jin-jin."


Like many words in High Speech,ka has multiple meanings and so is difficult to define precisely. It signifies life force, consciousness, duty, and destiny. In the vulgate, or LOW SPEECH, it also means a place to which an individual must go. The closest terms in our language are probably fate and destiny, although ka also implies karma, or the accumulated destiny (and accumulated debt) of many existences. We are the servants of ka, but we are also its prisoners. Ka’s one purpose is to turn, and we turn with it, albeit sometimes under different names and in different bodies. In The Dark Tower (Book VII of the Dark Tower series) ka is compared to a train hurtling forward, one which may not be sane.


The Book of Destiny.


YoungKA-TET mates. In the 2003 version of The Gunslinger,Cort warns Roland that if he takes his test of manhood and fails, he may never see his father, mother, or ka-babbies again.


Oy believes that Jake is his ka-dinh, or the leader he is bound to by fate.


KA’s fool, or destiny’s fool. Ka-mais are often miraculously saved by chance or luck—or at least until KAtires of their antics and swats them out of the world. Although ka-mais are usually jokers, they often have insights that more serious folk could not or would not grasp on their own.


Your ka-mates are those people whose fates (or destinies) are entwined with your own. It is another term for the members of yourKA-TET.


Wisely. It is the opposite ofKA-MAI, which means foolishly.


This rue-laden term does not have an exact translation. It describes the dark emotion a person feels when a break in his or herKA-TET looms. KA-TETs can only be broken by death or betrayal. Some argue, however, that these things are also aspects of KA. If this is the case, then ka-shume implies a sense of approaching disaster involving the members of a KA-TET. Ka-shume is the price paid for attempting to change or divert KA.


Aka-tel is a class of apprentice GUNSLINGERs. Roland was the youngest of his ka-tel,yet he was the first to win his guns.


Ka-tet means "one made from many." Ka refers to destiny; tet refers to a group of people with the same interests or goals. Ka-tet is the place where men’s lives are joined by fate. Ka-tet cannot be changed or bent to any individual’s will, but it can be seen, known, and understood. The philosophers of GILEAD stated that the bonds of ka-tet could be broken only by death or treachery. However, Roland’s teacher Cort maintained that neither death nor treachery were strong enough to break the bonds of ka-tet, since these events are also tied to KA, or fate. Each member of a ka-tet is a piece of a puzzle. Each individual piece is a mystery, but when put together, the collective pieces form a greater picture. It takes many interwoven ka-tets to weave a historical tapestry. Ka-tets overlap, often sharing members. A ka-tet is not always bound by love, affection, or friendship. Enemies are also ka-tet. Although usually referred to as positive or at least inevitable, the forces of KAand ka-tet can sometimes cast a sinister shadow over our lives.


TheTODASH chimes, or the bells that you hear when you travel via TODASH.


Prophets ofGAN or singers of GAN. All artists—whether they are writers, painters, sculptors, poets, or composers—are kas-ka Gan.


The persistence of magic. The greater the magic, the longer it persists.


Pronounced likekiss. A person’s kes is linked to his or her vitality. Even the BEAMShave kes.


Literally speaking,khef means "the sharing of water." It also implies birth, life force, and all that is essential to existence. Khef can only be shared by those whom destiny has welded together for good or ill—in other words, by those who are KA-TET.

Khef is both individual and collective. It implies the knowledge a person gains from dream-life as well as his or her life force. Khef is the web that binds aKA-TET. Those who share khef share thoughts. Their destinies are linked, as are their life forces. Behind the multiple meanings of this word lies a philosophy of interconnectedness, a sense that all individuals, all events, are part of a greater pattern or plan.


A war chest. Roland uses this word to describe the cave in STEEK-TETE where Ted Brautigan, Sheemie Ruiz, and Dinky Earnshaw have stored weapons for hisKA-TET.




Mother Earth.


The Manni term for Hell.


In some parts ofMID-WORLD, Lady Oriza is considered to be a mythical heroine. However, in the BORDERLANDS, she is the pagan goddess of the rice. (An oriza is a seedling rice plant.) According to local folklore, Oriza gave birth to the first man, and from this man's breath came the first woman. To honor Oriza's part in the creation of the human race, the old folks of the Calla still say, "Can-ah, can-tah, annah Oriza," which translates as, "All breath comes from the woman." According to another old tale, Lady Oriza's father, Lord Grenfall, was murdered by the infamous harrier Gray Dick. In revenge, Lady Oriza threw a specially sharpened plate at her fathers killer, cutting off his head. A female society called the Sisters of Oriza was formed in honor of Lady Oriza's triumph. These women specialize in throwing the deadly weapons known as Orizas. The titanium Orizas have a whistle underneath them so that they hum as they fly. They are decorated with fine blue webbing that resembles seedling rice plants. On the edge of each plate (near the thick part of the rim that is safe to grip) two of the rice stalks cross, forming the great letter ZN, which means both "here" and "now."


Thepol-kam is a dance, faster and lighter than a waltz, danced in the Great Hall of GILEAD.


The Prim is the original magicalDISCORDIA, or soup of creation, from which the Multiverse arose.


In High Speech, prophecy is the information a person gains by having intercourse with a supernatural being. The term does not necessarily imply sexual intercourse, although, as we saw inThe Gunslinger,many demons will not give prophecy unless a sexual price is paid. Prophecy is, as its name implies, prophetic. It describes events—in the distant future, a distant past, or in a distant place—which the seeker could learn about in no other manner. To seek prophecy is dangerous and should not be embarked upon lightly.


Reap is both the season and the festival of harvest. In the days ofARTHUR ELDit was celebrated with human sacrifice, but by the time Roland was born, Stuffy-Guys were thrown onto Reap bonfires instead of people. During the season of Reap, people decorate their houses, and their stuffy-guys, with Reap charms. Reap charms can also be painted on the body or worn like pendants. Although it is followed by the Year’s End festival, Reap is the true closing of the year.


Although used inLOW SPEECH, sai appears to be a form of address that originated in High Speech. Saiis a term of respect and can be roughly translated as "sir" or "madam."


Seppe-sai was the name Roland’s mother gave to the pie seller in the low-town ofGILEAD. It meant death-seller. During the heat of summer, his pies often became poisonous.


A jilly, or mistress.


A sigul is a sign, symbol, or insignia which is secret but full of meaning. It often has religious, political, or magical significance. John Farson’s sigul is the same as that of the Crimson King – a staring red eye.


To desire or to yearn. If used patronizingly, it means that you long for something childish.


The taheen are creatures that belong neither to the natural (physical) world nor to the magicalPRIM. According to Roland, they are misbegotten creatures from somewhere between the two. The taheen have the bodies of men but the heads of beasts. They are also known as the third people or the CAN-TOI. The CAN-TOI(or low men) are rat-headed taheen that believe they are becoming human.


This term means to gossip about someone you shouldn’t gossip about.


A group of people with the same interests and goals.Tet is often joined with other terms, such as in the words KA-TET, tet-ka Gan,etc.


The navel. When babies were born in theIN-WORLDbaronies, the umbilical cord was cut and a cedar clip was placed just above the newborn’s tet-ka Gan, or navel. The clip would be wrapped in blue silk if the baby was a boy, or pink if the baby was a girl.


Thankee sai is the polite term for thank you. Its equivalent is "thank you, sir," or "thank you, madam."


This is an old term for aBILLY-BUMBLER. (See BILLY-BUMBLER in the LOW SPEECH Glossary.)


The termtodana is a variation of the word TODASH. Todanameans "death-bag." People with the touch, or psychic perception, can perceive todannas around those who are close to death or who are destined to die in the near future.


Todash is the monster-filled void that exists between worlds.THINNIESare thin places where todash leaks through to our world.


The holes in reality.


Clever.Trigimplies craftiness, and can also imply untrustworthiness.


Extremely clever.


This means "two." It can also refer to a twin.


The Song of the Bear.Urs-A-Ka Ganmeans the scream of the Bear.


The Song of the Turtle.


The Great LetterZn stands for both "eternity" and "now," but it also means "come," as in come-commala.The green rice tendrils which decorate the ornate plates thrown in honor of Lady ORIZA take the shape of this letter.